Help writing for special education

Allison has taught in elementary school inclusion classrooms and has her master's degree in Special Education. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Log in or Sign up. An Individualized Education Program IEP is a written document designed to make sure that elementary or secondary special education students in public schools receive the personalized instruction and services they need to succeed academically, physically and socially.

IEP goals may include those related to English, language, reading or writing, among other areas. While the goals for each special education student will differ, IEP goals must be:.

Teaching the Writing Process to Students with Special Needs

Use the example goals below to help you structure the goals you are creating for your student's specific writing needs. When writing an Individualized Education Program IEP goal, ask yourself: 'Is this goal specific, measurable, attainable and time sensitive? To unlock this lesson you must be a Study. Create your account. Already a member? Log In. Already registered? Log in here for access. Did you know… We have over college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1, colleges and universities.

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Log in. Sign Up. Explore over 4, video courses. Find a degree that fits your goals. Lesson Course. Start today. Try it now. Instructor: Allison Camps Allison has taught in elementary school inclusion classrooms and has her master's degree in Special Education. Save Save Save.She teaches college classes on the side. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

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Log in or Sign up. Not every student learns in the same way, and that statement is especially true for special education students. While there are many ways to modify writing assignments for them, we have to be sure to follow each student's individualized education program IEPwhich includes legally binding modifications and accommodations.

Modifications may not only include scaffolding assignments and graphic organizers, but also call for fewer sources for a research paper, a lower page count, or customized directions. Check with your student's special education liaison or department head if you have any questions or concerns. No matter how big or small an assignment, it is important to break down academic material so students feel confident that they can complete the objective or task and learn the skill.

This technique is called scaffolding.

help writing for special education

Scaffolding is when you break down a larger assignment into smaller, more manageable parts. These parts can be combined over time to complete the overall objective. When assigning writing work, scaffolding means setting smaller goals for special education students that will help them pull all of the pieces together. Here are some techniques for breaking down the different parts of writing assignments and helping our special education students succeed. Even for a short or one-page assignment or reflection, first brainstorm with your special education students.

For example, don't simply give them a prompt and ask them to write. Have them brainstorm using a mind map or bulleted points so they don't feel overwhelmed. It might also benefit all students if you brainstorm as a class so that struggling students can see how others work through the given assignment. Another way to help get special education students going is by using sentence starters. Ease students into an assignment by writing the beginning of a sentence on the board or on a worksheet.

For example, you could write something like, ''Today in class I learned These seemingly small tips help special education students feel like they can complete an assignment, especially if you offer support along the way.

Now let's take a look at how we can help them during longer writing assignments. This way, the task doesn't feel overwhelming. Students can work at the assignment piece by piece at their own pace until they complete the task. To break up an assignment effectively, give students a graphic organizer. A graphic organizer is a handout that breaks down tasks into smaller pieces.

It usually contains visual representations - such as boxes or other shapes - to help students organize their thoughts.

Modifying Writing Assignments for Special Ed Students

There are many sample organizers for open responses and long compositions available online. However, feel free to create your own and design them specifically for each long writing assignment. Another tool that can help special education students is modeling. Modeling is when you show students how to complete an assigned task.

For example, you could model an open response on the board or give students a sample essay to read.

help writing for special education

You could also walk them through each step in the writing assignment by having them try the task first and then completing it together. For most students, the thought of completing a research paper is a daunting task. For special education students, this task can feel impossible. Using scaffolding, we can make these assignments feel like a walk in the park. Start by looking at the assignment as a whole, and see where you can break down a larger paper into smaller steps.

For example, provide students with mini deadlines and assign due dates for reading material, writing small portions of the paper, and compiling sources.Writing Activities. Write a Thanksgiving Day Poem.

Thanksgiving dinner can be filled with fun and memorable interactions between family members. This holiday, why not memorialize some of those details and events with a family poem? You can create a lasting memory in the form of a poem with contributions f.

Gratitude Tree. Research shows that when we focus on things we are grateful for, we literally rewire our brains to focus on the positive. Help kids experience the joy of gratitude by creating trees that give thanks.

Make a Dr. Seuss Story Box! In the spirit of Seuss and all things creative and silly, celebrate reading and all that it has to offer with this fun and interactive story box.


Discover the Colors of Fall. Learning Why and How to Compost. Children will learn why and how to compost as they help with the process of filling their compost, turning it, and observing the changes that occur.

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Create Your Own Pumpkin Person! Include all family members by having them create their very own pumpkin people. Take Action Like Greta. This activity is a great way to engage learners in Earth Day celebrations while cultivating skills around nonfiction comprehension and research writing. Children take inspiration from Nobel laureate Malala Yousafzai to write their own blog listicle on a topic of their choosing.

Picture Book Pumpkin Creations. In this fun fall-themed activity, your child will design and decorate a pumpkin based on a picture book.

Teal Pumpkin Project: Spread the Word! In this real-world exercise about the Teal Pumpkin Project, your child will create a persuasive poster to spread the word about the project in the hopes of convincing people to offer non-food trinkets this Halloween season.

Storyboarding: Using Pictures to Teach Words. Many kids find themselves especially challenged by writing in third grade. Here's how you can help, using a technique called "storyboarding. Spark your kids' interest in writing by helping them write a mini-book about their favorite subject: themselves!

Rewrite the Fairy Tale Ending. What happens after the prince and the princess get married? This writing activity allows your child to answer that question for herself. Here's a fun writing activity that will turn a Saturday trip to the local zoo into an all-out creativity bonanza. What's a Zipper? A Writing Game. This reading comprehension activity teaches children reading in reverse: how would you teach an alien to use a zipper? You're on the Air!Because differences are our greatest strength.

The goal is specific in naming the skill or subject area and the targeted result. Details matter! Adam will be able to read a passage orally in a grade-level book at — words per minute with random errors. That can be done using standardized tests, curriculum-based measurements or screening.

With the aid of a calculator, Emma will be able to solve math problems that involve the computation of fractions and decimals, with 75 percent accuracy. Jackson will write a paragraph with at least 5 sentences each greater than 8 words, with no more than 2 errors in spelling and punctuation. The goal includes a time frame in which your child will achieve it, with the right supports and services. It also states when and how often progress will be measured.

Jeremy will be able to orally explain class vocabulary words, with 90 percent accuracy, on 8 out of 10 tries. By May 15Jeremy will be able to orally explain class vocabulary words, with 90 percent accuracy, on 8 out of 10 tries. For more help on developing annual IEP goals, take a look at a checklist of questions to ask. Have you heard of strengths-based IEPs? Because differences are our greatest strength Donate Opens new window.

Why support Understood? Adam will be a better reader. With the aid of a calculator, Emma will be able to solve math problems. Attainable The goal represents progress that is realistic for your child. Jackson will write at grade level, with no errors in spelling or punctuation. Results-oriented The goal clearly lays out what your child will do to accomplish it.

Time-bound The goal includes a time frame in which your child will achieve it, with the right supports and services. His progress will be measured through a language assessment. His progress will be measured through a monthly language assessment.Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Log in or Sign up. Writing is a skill we use throughout our school years and into adulthood. We write in language arts to create stories, explain real-life events, or express our opinions.

We write in science classes to explain cause-and-effect relationships. As we get older, we write emails to friends and personal essays or cover letters when applying for jobs.

The ability to write a paragraph is a specific skill that lays the foundation for more advanced writing; however, special education students may have a difficult time writing paragraphs for a variety of reasons.

While students with disabilities are unique in their strengths and weaknesses, some commonalities that may inhibit their ability to write include the following:.

As a teacher, you may also notice special education students refusing to work during writing time, submitting incomplete work, writing illegibly, or writing their thoughts down in a disorganized and confusing way. When you notice students having these issues, it may be helpful to try some tested strategies and techniques to help make paragraph writing a little easier for them.

Before we begin looking at specific strategies, let's establish what a paragraph includes for the purpose of this lesson. In its most basic form, a paragraph will include:.

As we discuss specific strategies for writing a paragraph in this lesson, keep this format in mind. The following strategies are meant to give you an idea of where to start when teaching special education students how to write a paragraph.

This is not a comprehensive list, and not all of these techniques will work for each student. It will be up to you to decide what your students need and how to adapt these ideas to fit their learning styles and abilities. Task analysis is when we break down a skill into small, manageable steps.

Some students may benefit from learning how to write the parts of a paragraph separately, mastering each step before going on to the next one. Consider having your students practice writing topic sentences first, making sure to explain that their purpose is to introduce what they will be talking about.

Once they understand this concept, move on to supporting sentences that include details and the conclusion. This process is helpful because special education students only have to consider and work on one part of a paragraph at a time. When they just have to write a topic sentence, they typically have a little more confidence and motivation, and perhaps a better understanding of what you expect from them.

Sometimes organization is a major barrier that keeps students from writing a paragraph correctly. For students who struggle with this, you can give them an outline to follow. Rather than relying on their memories to get all of the parts down, an outline provides them with the structure they need to put their ideas in the right order. An outline might look something like this:.

Some special education students learn better when teachers use analogies, stories, or mnemonic devices. The hamburger analogy is helpful when explaining and helping students remember the parts of a paragraph. In this analogy, you'll be comparing each part of the paragraph to a layer of a hamburger. Sometimes special education students need individualized accommodations or strategies to help them be successful writers. This section includes some other strategies you might try to help your students learn and master writing a paragraph.

Students are more engaged in school when they are learning about something that interests them. When possible, allow your students to choose their own writing topics.

Writing Activities

This will make it easier for them to come up with something to say and more motivated to write because they get to share a personal interest, like Sponge Bob, dinosaurs, princesses, or space ships. The important thing is that they master the components of a paragraph. Some special education students have a hard time with handwriting due to physical disabilities, poor fine motor skills, or slow processing speeds. If this is the case, you may allow them to dictate their sentences to a scribe, or use a computer to type their paragraphs.Written expression is a huge part of life inside and outside the classroom.

help writing for special education

Browder and Fred Spooner. Which words and communicative responses does the student already use?

Density accuracy and precision

An assessment of communicative functioning should target:. Focusing on the mechanics of writing will often prevent a student from understanding and accomplishing the purpose of writing. Think beyond the traditional ways students have learned to write, and focus on making writing meaningful. Teach students how to copy words from labels, books, and other sources. Provide lists of words your students can copy from to increase their engagement in academics and leisure activities.

For example, you can provide a list of words students can copy into search engines to access educational content for school solar system, dinosaurs, U. Once you teach students this skill, they can also use the print within their environment to develop their spelling proficiency.

When learning to copy words, some students may need assistive technology to circumvent weaknesses in fine motor skills. Once students learn to copy other words, they can progress to spelling words after hearing them spoken.

Try these strategies to boost emerging spelling skills:. Note: If students have not acquired sufficient spelling skills to write sentences, then they may require the use of selection-based writing software in which words or combinations of words are presented within arrays on a computer screen.

Students who can engage in narrative writing are able to articulate what they know and share their perspective on the world around them. Carefully plan instructional activities to help students acquire narrative writing skills:. You can help improve the quality and clarity of student writing by prompting them to check their own work. For example:.

help writing for special education

Writing instruction for students with disabilities is a complex process that must be carefully and deliberately planned. These were just a few suggestions to get you started.

For more guidance—and practical information on how to teach other academic content areas to students with developmental disabilities—check out More Language Arts, Math, and Science for Students with Severe Disabilities.

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I need an advice s the teaching strategies to kids with learning difficulties. Starting by teaching phonicshoe else should I proceed. Fitzroy Readers are so far very effective.Teachers Pay Teachers is an online marketplace where teachers buy and sell original educational materials. Are you getting the free resources, updates, and special offers we send out every week in our teacher newsletter?

Grade Level. Resource Type. Log In Join Us. View Wish List View Cart. Previous Next. The Autism Helper 35, Followers. Grade Levels. WorksheetsActivitiesLiteracy Center Ideas. Add one to cart. Buy licenses to share. Add to Wish List. Share this resource. Report this resource to TpT. Description These centers work on a huge variety of writing skills. All centers have visual cues, simple text, and are very easy to understand and comprehend.

These centers target descriptive writing, narrative writing, sentence building, sequencing, making inferences, vocabulary building, imaginative writing, and more! Video Tutorial of this center in my classroom! Work on more writing skills with: Sentence Building Literacy Centers for more resources, tips, and materials to help you help childen with autism please visit The Autism Helper. Total Pages. Report this Resource to TpT. Reported resources will be reviewed by our team.

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